The most common and standard type of ukulele is the soprano ukulele. It’s the smallest ukulele and is known for its thin, jangly sound so commonly associated with ukuleles. The soprano ukulele is usually the least expensive type of ukulele.
The concert ukulele, sometimes referred to as the alto, is slightly bigger than the soprano and some consider it to have a fuller sound. Because a concert ukulele is longer than a soprano, there will be more tension on the strings.
The tenor ukulele is bigger than the concert ukulele. For performers, the tenor ukulele is great because you get a rich full sound, and since you have more frets, you’re able to reach higher notes on the fingerboard.
The baritone ukulele is the biggest of the ukuleles. It’s tuned lower to DGBE, which is equivalent to the tuning of the bottom four strings on a guitar, allowing you to produce a deeper sound.
Plywood is sometimes used to make lower priced violins. While it is not as good quality and suatains notes shorter,well made plywood violins still offer good performance at a lower price.
Real wood offers a more natural sound, sustains notes longer, and offers a distinct beauty,which is why higher quality volins are made of Solid Wood.
Ukulele Top Materials
One of the most common woods in ukulele making, it has grain finish providing good looks, but also allowing a good balance between the bright trebly sounds the ukulele is famous for, whilst beefing up the bass sounds as well. Also projects sound well with good volume.
Koa is a Hawaiian hardwood, and a ukulele wood held in very high esteem in those islands. The wood is beautiful to look at with amazing grains, and provides a sound that suits the ukulele perfectly. Very sweet sounding and warm. Loud rich, and used in the finest ukuleles, but very expensive. Koa instrument prices show the premium!
A very common, pale yellow wood used in guitar manufacturing. It is a tough wood that makes for excellent strong soundboards and the Sitka variety is characterized by a very bright and rich tone, with less of the bass rounding that mahogany provides. They are also very loud woods.
A hard, resilient wood that is often chosen for its dramatic looks, particularly flamed or spalted woods that are stunning to look at. It provides a very bright tone on the ukulele.